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This evaluate issues the hot chromatographic process – capillary electrochromatography(CEC) – that's lately receiving amazing realization. the rules of this technique basedon a mixture of electroosmotic move and analyte-stationary part interactions, CEC instrumentation,capillary column know-how, separation stipulations, and examples of a varietyof functions are mentioned intimately.

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82 1 Introduction The developments in molecular and cell biology in the last quarter of the 20th century led to new technologies for the production of complex biomolecules which have the potential to assist in human health care in the areas of diagnostics, prevention and treatment of diseases. One of the most important and at the same time most expensive step in their production is the isolation and cleaning (down-stream processing) of the target biomolecule(s). It represents more than 50% of the total costs of the production process.

Slow diffusion of large molecules limits the speed of the separation due to the low rate of intraparticle mass transfer [7]. 1 Improved Conventional Chromatographic Media To improve the efficiency of separation based on conventional porous particle technology, new particles and techniques have been introduced, mainly focusing on the improvement (acceleration) of the exchange of the solute between the mo- 52 A. Strancar et al. While micropellicular stationary phases due to their very low capacity are mostly used for analytical purposes, superporous and gigaporous particles exhibit a much higher capacity and can be used on the preparative scale as well.

These columns afford efficiencies of almost 240,000 plates/m as demonstrated on the separation of alkylbenzenes shown in Fig. 19 [99]. A similar approach was also used by Fujimoto [113]. While only a few reports concern the in situ preparation of monolithic CEC columns from silica, much more has been done with porous polymer monoliths and a wide variety of approaches differing in both the chemistry of the monomers and the preparation technique is currently available. Obviously, free radical polymerization is easier to handle than the sol-gel transition accompanied by a large decrease in volume.

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