By Thandika Mkandawire
In comparison with Asia or Latin the US, Africa has skilled a lot greater charges of emigration of its intelligentsia to North the United States and Europe, and common displacement in the continent. This infrequent evaluation of the background, destiny and destiny roles explores their courting to nationalism and the Pan African venture; the indigenous language of African intellectuals; girls intellectuals; and the function of the increasing African educational diaspora.
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Extra info for African Intellectuals: Rethinking Politics, Language, Gender and Development (Africa in the New Millennium)
In these ‘second thoughts’ on nationalism, some have sought to co-opt Fanon to the project. But Fanon’s critique of ‘bourgeois nationalism’ is itself delivered from an alternative nationalist standpoint. Fanon’s criticism of nationalism never degenerated into the kind of ontological pessimism akin to the Afropessimism of the 1990s. Mkandawire | 2 Others criticized African scholarship for its combativeness and for its ‘victimology’. This position was articulated most eloquently by Achilles Mbembe.
The sullen silence of the 1980s was broken by the emergence of the movement for democratization. This also marked a growing self-consciousness of intellectuals as a social group, with rights and responsibilities. 37 Once again, we see African intellectuals adopting a self-consciously public position on national issues. But they work under incredible conditions. They are probably much less ‘organic’ to the current project of reintegrating African economies through structural adjustment, dependent as it is on global technocrats.
Development’ had also become an extremely mystiﬁcatory objective. As a team of Congolese scholars observed: ‘There is no need to expatiate here on the use of the educational system including universities, by ruling regimes as ideological agencies of system maintenance. It is perfectly clear that the educational system in Zaire helps maintain the existing situation by educating people to work in it. In this process the most anomalous realities are veiled under the concepts of development and underdevelopment’ (Yeikelo ya Ato and Ntumba 1993: 166).