Download Agricultural Biodiversity in Smallholder Farms of East by Fidelis Kaihura, Michael Stocking PDF

By Fidelis Kaihura, Michael Stocking

Smallholder farmers are the guardians, in addition to the beneficiaries, of a greater variety of organic species than are available in secure parts. The farmers' different practices are holding those species for the good thing about destiny generations. In flip, agricultural biodiversity is a chief approach for the terrible to deal with tricky biophysical environments and precarious social and political conditions. The United international locations collage venture on humans, Land administration and Environmental switch (PLEC) stories and files how the amassed wisdom and adventure of smallholders and their various practices bring about transparent merits for either biodiversity and society. This publication highlights the methods smallholder farmers of East Africa - in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda - are enjoying their half within the international schedule for the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of the advantages of biodiversity. It attracts on classes realized from farmers, researchers, extension employees, policymakers and reduction firms who're actively assisting PLEC demonstration websites in East Africa. It indicates the very actual strength of studying from farmers and basing coverage on attempted and proven methods of coping with advanced agricultural platforms.

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London: Earthscan, pp. 45–77. INTRODUCTION 19 Liang, L. 2002. ‘‘Promoting agrodiversity: The case of UNU project on people, land management and environmental change (PLEC)’’, Global Environmental Change, No. 12, pp. 325–330. , M. Stocking, H. Brookfield, and L. Jansky. 2001. ‘‘Biodiversity conservation through agrodiversity’’, Global Environmental Change, No. 11, pp. 97–101. Rerkasem, K. 2002. Final Report of PLEC-Thailand. Chiang Mai: United Nations University. Stocking, M. 2002. ‘‘Diversity: A new strategic direction for soil conservation’’, in Sustainable Utilisation of Global Soil and Water Resources, proceedings of the 12th International Soil Conservation Conference, 26–31 May 2002, Beijing.

In PLEC News and Views No. 1, July 1993, the scientific coordinator said: ‘‘PLEC emphasises the consequences for land management, and hence for the environment, of continuing population growth’’ (Brookfield 1993: 2). 5 billion by MANAGING AGRICULTURAL BIODIVERSITY 23 2025. However, by the mid-1990s PLEC was moving rapidly sideways to embrace an alternative hypothesis that conservation could be achieved by working with local people to meet their legitimate needs. Indeed, evidence was starting to accumulate that population growth could in some circumstances be seen as a factor for environmental protection rather than a cause of environmental degradation – the so-called Boserupian hypothesis that population increase induces innovation and technological adaptation.

However, through this close involvement the authors would claim that the research is far more targeted to issues of real interest to society, and especially to the farmers. The authors thank UNU Press for understanding the PLEC ‘‘voyage of discovery’’ by all its participants and stakeholders. It has given the authors of this book an opportunity to show to an international audience how and why it is wise to work with farmers, and sometimes to compromise academic integrity for the sake of gaining much richer knowledge of biodiversity, how to protect it, and what benefits such protection affords to human beings.

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