Download Agricultural biotechnology: country case studies : a decade by G. J. Persley, Reginald MacIntyre PDF

By G. J. Persley, Reginald MacIntyre

Following on from prior titles during this sequence, this quantity provides extra fabric generated via the area Bank/ISNAR/Australian executive biotechnology study.It covers the current prestige and destiny clients for the appliance of biotechnology to resolve agricultural and environmental difficulties in a couple of constructing nations. specific concentration is given directly to advancements that experience taken position during the last decade.

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In 1999, it is estimated that approximately 40 million ha of land were planted with transgenic varieties of over 20 plant species, the most commercially important of which were cotton, maize, soybean and rape-seed (James, 1999). 64 billion in 1998. The traits these new varieties contain include insect resistance (cotton, maize), herbicide resistance (maize, soybean) and delayed fruit ripening (tomato). The benefits of these new crops are better weed and insect control, higher productivity and more flexible crop management.

Latin America and the Caribbean The main challenges in relation to agricultural biotechnology are: management of intellectual property for both major and minor crops; assessment of several research options, not only a molecular approach, in assessing how best to tackle problems and challenges to improve agricultural productivity; identification of beneficiaries; prioritization of work on favoured and/or marginal areas; use of GIOs as indicators of environmental damage; and need to monitor the behaviour of GIOs in the environment after release.

The crops include rice, wheat, maize, cotton, tomato, pepper, potato, cucumber, papaya and tobacco. A variety of traits were targeted for improvement, including disease resistance, pest resistance, herbicide resistance and quality improvement. Approximately 50 genetically improved organisms (GIOs) have been approved for commercial production, environmental release or smallscale field testing in China. In a few cases, new genetically improved varieties have been approved for large-scale commercial production.

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