Download Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the by Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey PDF

By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey

Drawing at the most up-to-date, groundbreaking archaeological examine, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the background of old Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book.  Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the nice within the fourth century BCE until eventually the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with historical literary resources (including the Bible) to provide a sustained evaluate of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular adjustments that impacted global historical past through the Greco-Roman period.

The authors display how the transformation of the traditional close to East below the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans resulted in foundational adjustments in either the fabric and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule by means of the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire supply a historical past for the emergence of Christianity.  The authors realize within the archaeological checklist how Judaism and Christianity have been almost undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.

The simply book-length review on hand that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this complete and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.

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Extra resources for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III

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265). The Expansion of Jewish Territory Maccabean struggles with the Seleucids were not limited to Judea proper, and Jewish forces often made major incursions into surrounding areas to the north, east, and west (fig. 9). Judah attacked Mareshah and Hebron in Idumea, Azotus near the coast, and Gilead and elsewhere in the Transjordan (1 Macc 5:1–8, 24–44, 65–68); his brother Simon campaigned in Galilee (1 Macc 5:9–23). After the death of Judah, his brothers succeeded in capturing the important coastal sites of Ja∫a, Ashkelon, and Gaza.

And mild resistance he met in Samaria en route to the east, he continued on to India where his troops would go no further (fig. 2). e. ). Palestine or Coele-Syria became a major bone of contention between the two main rival factions since it was the land bridge between Asia and Africa and hence a key strategic location in the Fertile Crescent with its excellent harbors and port cities; and it had been traditionally viewed as a major political objective of various conquering peoples. The most powerful of Alexander’s generals was Antigonus, but Ptolemy challenged him for control of Coele-Syria; Antigonus was finally defeated and killed at the Battle of the advent of hellenism Fig.

10 Tobias and his son Joseph the Tobiad accumulated his great wealth there during the third century as chief financial oπcers of the Egyptian Ptolemies. , it was probably occupied in the previous century when the family controlled a large stretch of farmland nearby. Also from the first quarter of the second century at the same site a large trading em- the advent of hellenism 19 Fig. 4. e. Josephus describes the palace as a “mighty manor” akin to a fortified residence. The northern facade (shown here) features a monumental entrance distyle in antis, and there is another on the southern facade.

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