By National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future
Energy creation and use contact our lives in numerous methods. we're reminded of the price of power whenever we refill on the fuel pump, pay an electrical energy invoice, or buy an airline price tag. power use additionally has very important oblique affects, now not all of that are mirrored in present strength costs: depletion of typical assets, degradation of our environment, and threats to nationwide protection coming up from a starting to be dependence on geopolitically volatile areas for a few of our strength provides. those oblique affects may possibly bring up sooner or later if the call for for power rises speedier than on hand power offers. Our nation's problem is to strengthen an strength portfolio that reduces those affects whereas offering adequate and reasonable power provides to maintain our destiny fiscal prosperity.
the us has huge, immense fiscal and highbrow assets that may be dropped at undergo on those demanding situations via a sustained nationwide attempt within the many years forward. America's power Future is meant to notify the improvement of clever power rules through fostering a greater figuring out of technological concepts for expanding strength offers and bettering the potency of power use. This precis variation of the booklet can be an invaluable source for execs operating within the strength or fascinated by advocacy and researchers and teachers in energy-related fields of study.
America's power Future examines the deployment strength, charges, limitations, and affects of power provide and end-use applied sciences in the course of the subsequent to 3 a long time, together with power potency, substitute transportation fuels, renewable strength, fossil gas strength, and nuclear power, in addition to applied sciences for making improvements to the nation's electric transmission and distribution systems.
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Additional resources for America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: Summary Edition
S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Geneva: IPCC. R. 2005. Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the World Economy. : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. R. F. Morehouse. 2004. Long-Term World Oil Supply Scenarios: The Future Is Neither as Bleak nor as Rosy as Some Assert.
Examples of energy flows include sunlight, wind, and waves. Stored energy includes fossil energy (petroleum, natural gas, and coal), bioenergy (contained in biomass), and nuclear energy (stored in atomic nuclei in radioactive elements such as uranium) and the heat stored in Earth’s upper crust. Primary energy sources can be converted into useful energy that, for example, powers a vehicle, lights a building, or supplies heat for an industrial process, although the conversion process inevitably involves energy losses (which can be quite considerable) and often entails substantial costs.
Reserve” refers to that portion of the resource that can be economically extracted or recovered with current technology. “Potential” is used instead of resource to describe energy flows—such as from sunlight, wind, or the movement of water—that occur in nature and may be feasible to recover, given favorable technology and economics. S. energy demand. For example, the energy from sunlight reaching the land surface of the United States is thousands of times greater than the country’s current annual consumption of energy; the energy from wind available in the United States is at least an order of magnitude larger; and the energy stored in geothermal, nuclear, and fossil reserves available to the United States is at least thousands of times larger.